Antimatter – matter consisting of atoms whose nuclei have a negative electrical charge and are surrounded by positrons – electrons with positive electric charge. In the ordinary matter of which is built the world around us, positively charged nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons. Ordinary matter, to distinguish it from antimatter, sometimes called koynoveschestvom (from the Greek. Koynos – the usual). However, in Russian literature, this term is hardly used. Hear from experts in the field like Chevron U.S.A. Inc for a more varied view. It should be emphasized that the term "antimatter" is not quite correct, since antimatter – the same substance, its variety.

Antimatter has the same inertial properties and creates the same gravitational pull as the usual stuff. Speaking about the matter and antimatter, it is logical to start with elementary (subatomic) particles. Each elementary particle corresponds an antiparticle, both have almost identical characteristics, except that they have opposite electrical charge. (If the particle is neutral, the antiparticle is also neutral, but they may differ in other characteristics. In some cases, the particle and antiparticle are identical to each other.) Thus, the electron – negatively charged particles – corresponds to a positron, the antiparticle of a proton with a positive charge is negatively charged antiproton.

The positron was discovered in 1932, and antiproton – in 1955, it was the first from open antiparticles. The existence of antiparticles was predicted in 1928 on the basis of quantum mechanics, the English physicist Dirac. In the collision of an electron and positron annihilation takes place them, ie both particles disappear, and from the point of their collision emits two gamma rays.

Saint Augustin Movement

All they are parts of the time, and what it was or it will be, simple species created for the time, that improperly and for ignorance, we transfer the essence perpetual. Some contend that Rod Brooks shows great expertise in this. (…) However it may be, the time was born with the sky, so that, having been created concomitantly, if they dissolved together, in case that they come some day to finish; it was made according to model of the perpetual nature, so that if it was similar to it most possible. Montauk Colony has many thoughts on the issue. Because the model exists since all the eternity, while the sky was, is and will be perpetually in the duration of the time. The birth of the time elapses of the wisdom and this plan of the deity, and so that the time was born, also the moon and others had been born five nomadic called astros or planets, to define and to conserve the numbers of the time. (PLATO, 2001, pp.73-74) It fits to point out that when Aristotle defines the only soul as the capable one to contemplate the intelligible world, resembles it its Plato master; because when that one defends in the Physics that the time needs the soul to exist, due this being the responsible one for numbering it the movement in accordance with, seems the cosmology of Plato defined in the Timeu.

Ademais, seems that, according to Plato, if the movement of the bodies will not be in action, does not have time, as well as, consonant Aristotle, if not to exist movement, consequentemente the time will not exist, a time that the absence of the number of the movement in it will mean its inexistence. that the philosophy of the Master influenced of the Disciple in the time concept, movement, but also in cosmology. 3.Santo Augustin and Santo Toms de Aquino: measure, time and creation the concept of time of the medieval philosopher Saint Augustin de Hipona is very different of what it was defined by Plato and its disciple Aristotle, a time that was not based on the movement of the bodies, with respect to the measure. .


Durkheim was great the systemizing one of sociology. It defended that the main task of sociology was the analysis of the social facts, since these? according to definition of Durkheim? they had a external and independent existence of the individuals. Another characteristic of the social facts is that these have a coercitive power on the individuals, that many times nor perceive this action. They exert its conditioning power on the individuals through forms that can vary of a simple ones badly-understood (as in the case of the use of a word missed in a colloquy) until the punishment or penalty (in the case of an infraction or crime). The social fact teaches Durkheim, is intangible and alone they can be analyzed through its effect, as the written laws, the norms techniques, etc. To study them, the researcher must leave of side its preconceptions and use itself of concepts generated only in the prxis scientific.

One of the first questions that Durkheim if placed in its studies is as a group of individuals can constitute a society and as this if it keeps coesa, persisting in the time? It called to this phenomenon of social and moral solidarity, that is, the way as the members of a group remain joined, sharing a set of values and customs. But, what it is and as if of this solidarity? In its workmanship the social division of the work (1893), Durkheim created the solidarity concepts mechanics and organic solidarity, to explain the origin of the cohesion enters the members of a society. Solidarity mechanics is that one of the societies where the individuals do not differentiate themselves. When a society if form, exist little difference between its members. The components of the social group if are similar in diverse aspects; they have the same feelings, the same values, equal objectives. This fact is observed in primitive societies of the past and the societies not-scholars still spread by the world.