(Vygotsky, 1978). We use in our interventions the Description-Cultural boarding, therefore it works with a look that privileges the cultural and social history and factors in which the individuals are inserted, destarte not making responsible the citizen individually for its inadequate behaviors the determined contexts, since during its development the citizen if relates with others in a mutual exchange of experiences. The interventions had been carried through next to a group of 3 series, whose average etria band is of 08-09 years, and with this group in them use resources such as: films, infantile dynamic of groups, music, histories, etc. All these used resources had had as objective to take the children to reflect how much to its paper in the school and the society. We use a weekly meeting, to the mondays of 07h00min to 09h00min. On this project we consider important to clarify that the gotten results are being to our way to understand, positive, had on the part of the children and us, the trainees, one increasing transference of positive affection that had been if constructing in elapsing of the meeting. It is important to also clarify that our interventions had obeyed a planning, displayed in the daily pay-project, being defined of this form as a priori, but that in elapsing of the implantation of the project the things had been happening a posteriori, that is, the things had been happening and were leading in accordance with the demands that had been appearing. Obviously this choice discloses the belief of that this is one of the possibilities of performance of the psychologist in the school, that contributes to not only understand the people of our land, as well as to try to raise action alternatives, together with the population, so that this can assume its proper history and try to construct worthier forms, ethical and human beings of convivncia in school, constructing one ' ' world psicossocial' ' more just and human being.
Therefore, if it does not establish between the professional and the user previous a therapeutical contract where the number of sessions, the schedules is combined, the honorary ones or the frequency of the meeting. The purpose of the planto is to hear and to receive the person at a necessary and determined moment of its life, with focus in the crisis situations. (TASSINARI, 2003). In accordance with Slaiku, cited for Dattilio and Freeman (2004), the crisis is understood with ' ' a temporary state of disturbance and disorganization, characterized mainly for the incapacity of the individual to deal with one definitive situao' '. (SLAIKU apud DATTILIO; FREEMAN, 2004). Being thus, one understands that the crisis happens of some event that was marcante in the life of the individual in order to disturb its capacity to face this situation.
The psychological planto, then, would appear as a form of psychological intervention capable to assist the individual in the resolution of the crisis in immediate way. For Mahfoud (1987), the psychological planto is a type of intervention that receives the person at the accurate moment of its necessity, assisting it better to deal it with its resources and limits. Of this form, attendance to the individual at the moment is provided where it feels that he needs shelter and understanding on the part of the plantonista, with sights to minimize its current state of misalignment, anguish and suffering. Therefore, the planto psychological it is presented as a modality of psychological, characterizing itself as soon and individual attendance. Moreover, the psychological planto search, in one or few sessions, to guide and to assist the individual in the resolution of its difficulties, that is, to work with focal situations that emerge in the individual without, necessarily, demands an attendance or drawn out accompaniment. (VIEIRA, 2009). In the same direction, Furigo and others (2006) it adds that the attendance in the planto form focuses the urgent and immediate demands, acting in such way that the individual can take conscience of its state of suffering.
Oliva writing concerning this eurocntrica vision it says: Silence, unfamiliarity and eurocntricas representations. We could thus define the agreement and the use of the History of Africa in the didactic collections of History of Brazil … also became evident that, when silence is broken the inadequate formation and the limited bibliography they create significant obstacles for a less inexact and distorted reading on the question. (OLIVA, P. 429) In the boarding of the writer Alfredo Boulos Jnior on Africa in its book for 8 year of basic education is used of the image as source resource, but very vacant without content, it places the resistance of the African in Brazil of very vacant form and in only three pages. In the third book in it analyzes the situation is clamorousser still, therefore Africa only appears as a illustrative figure inside of a called chapter imperialism in century XIX. The author Claude Vicentino approaches Africa only in this context leaving of is a boarding ampler as its customs, the politics, the economy and the African culture, what we perceive is that exactly after the approval of the Law that compels the study of Africa and its representations in Brazilian didactic books, but what we see is the opposite total empty books of content. Of the three analyzed volumes what if more complete it is of the publishing company the Hail written for Divalte authors Garci’a Figueira and Joo Tristan Vargas, who dedicates a chapter all to speak on Africa.
They initiate its text saying: The African continent was the cradle of the humanity. In accordance with what it is known on the subject, was of Africa that had left ancestral the species the human being to populate the planet all. Moreover, one of the civilizations most lasting, powerful and influential was formed there of the Antiquity: the Egyptian.
Poetries as the Coffer of Noah, the Elefantinho, the Clock, the Butterflies most famous and are spread out. Innumerable coletneas had been also produced with the infantile poetries of this poet. Its successful partnership with Toquinho contributed in huge way to spread out workmanships that today many nor know that it is attributed Vinicius de Moraes.Toquinho in partnership with Vinicius melodies had made an excellent work when placing on the infantile poetries that universalizaram this literary sort. Poetries as the house and the Coffer of Noah are great classics of this pair. Other productions still confuse in them if they are musicadas poetries or musics that are pure poetry as it is the case of Watercolor, that the pair produced in partnership with G. Morra and M. Fabrizio. Ziraldo also contributed for the national production of Infanto-Youthful Literature, this was the precursor of histories in quadrinhos in Brazil.
It launched in 60 years first history in quadrinho created by an only intitled author Group of the Perer. This edition vendeu innumerable copies, exactly at the time of the Military dictatorship, however, this not yet was in fact a workmanship destined to the infantile public. In 1969 it only published its first infantile book, that very quickly conquered fans in the entire world, this first production received the heading from FLICTS, that counted the history of a lost color, sad and solitary, rejected for the too much colors, that a place in the world looked and that it found the Flicts planet, that was the moon of the astronauts. With a simple language and little complex structures, this book moves with imaginary the infantile one, use of the colors also as a visual resource. Most famous of histories of Ziraldo they are of the Maluquinho Boy, published in the decade of 1980, that as he himself describes, counts the history of a boy with fire in the tail, wind in the feet and much imagination in the head.
It makes possible the acquisition of different points of view and widening of experiences. It is also a resource to fight the massificao executed mainly for the television. For educating, the book is still an important vehicle for the creation, transmission and transformation of the culture. Through the habit of the reading, the man can take conscience of its necessities, promoting its transformation and of the world. The book can be considered as precious resource of education. However, it is not so popular as the chalk, the black picture, the pencil and the notebook. The amended book number is great, with innumerable different headings that could if used well, to concur for the improvement of the quality of education.
It fits to the professor to guide in the choice of the literary compositions for its pupils leading in consideration factors as the etria band of its alunado and enredos that arrest the attention of these readers in formation. It is necessary that if it remembers that the education of the human being always involves two factors, as nominates Blacksmith (1985); formation and information. Therefore, the knowledge transmitted to the new generations must be worked with the values and customs so that it occurs the survival and evolution of the culture. texts can be used in the accomplishment of educational objectives in such a way to form as to inform. The learning of the reading always presents intentionally as something magical, seno while act, while process of the discovery of an unknown and wonderful universe.
Freire (1985 p.43) affirms: ‘ ‘ nobody educates nobody, as neither nobody educates itself exactly; the men if educate in communion, mediatizados for mundo’ ‘. We conclude thus, that the learning develops in the convivncia, through the experiences lived deeply for the human being in its trajectory of life. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES BLACKSMITH, Emlia and TEBEROSKY, Ana. Psicognese of the written language. Trad. Of Diana Myriam Lichtenstein, Liana Di Marco and Mrio Corso. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 1985. FREIRE, Pablo. The Importance Of the Act De Ler. In three articles that if they complete, 40. ed. So Paulo: Cortez, 2000. 36p. (Collection Question of Our Time). FREIRE, Pablo. The importance of the act to read: in three articles that if they complete. 29.ed. So Paulo: Cortez, 1994. MENEGOLLA, Maximiliano. Its Majesty: the book. In: Young world.
Infantile literature facilitates the accomplishment of the objective not only to teach the children to read, but also to give possibilities to like to read and has always will to read more. Thus, they very will better be prepared to search knowledge and pleasure in books successively starts to develop reading projects that already are part mental dacompreenso that we make regarding history. It is through of a history that if can discover other places, other times, other ways of being and to act. We must give attention in the way as the child if express and a good chance for this is when it counts a history; in this occasion it is possible to evaluate the child and its development. Becoming infantile literature an option with varied alternative to explore, showing to the educators who we can reach linguistic and verbal knowledge.
The professor can use some resources to awake in the child its interest for the reading, as story and recounts, histories, dramatizaes, carrying through releituras of the same ones, favoring the growth pedagogical. He must the professor, to acquire knowledge itself of the necessity of if knowing the history that will go to work with the children, to be able to explore with creative activities that take the children to develop its teach-learning. To count and to hear histories are something that we inherit of our culture. All we adore a good history. The habit to hear histories can be developed it ties very in small children, and exist mothers and educators who since the children babies, already count histories for they, with gestures and varying the voice tone to transmit the emotions. Histories and the books that the children more like can motivate a series of other activities, where children can draw to write, to reinventar history, to dramatizar it. With the Piagetiana theory, respecting a hierarchic sequence, of development, looks for to explain the form as the child learns the world and its relation with the people. The child when it keeps contact with pleasant activities that stimulate the action, the representation and the imagination are stimulated to surpass barriers and to develop its creativity.
Also helping in its learning and certainly, the child who will be able to enjoy of all these benefits and possibilities of these activities will be a child who will not have difficulties to break barriers and will get success in its learning and the adult life. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES LAJOLO, Marisa and ZILBERMAN, Regina. Brazilian Infantile literature Histories and Histories. 6 ed. Publishing company Stokes, So Paulo, 2003. ZILBERMAN, Regina. Infantile literature in the school. 10 ed. Global publishing company, So Paulo, 1998.
Initially many doubts are generated on the control level that we have in all the events that happen in our life, the majority of the people think that a great set of things leaves our control, for example if we go to our work and has happened a shock, or the attitude of a head, rains, how a client will respond to the proposals of our services, or the form in which we establish relations with the others, in fact that is not certain and you can begin to verify it with small experiments with the interpersonal relations, for example if through time we have accepted disrespectful treatments our mind assumes that situation is normal and happens that those events can appear very frequently in our life and we are we those that we created those situations at subconscious level, another example is the one of a person who interests much to him the life of the others, enjoys to know if somebody married, how much it wins, if it has loving, how it gets dressed, etc. Happens that desire to know data on the others becomes one information of being able and that person will be able to send a powerful message to the universe able to generate any circumstance to secure information, him can fall calls of which it did not wish to speak with that person but that call allows him to know some information and so on will be combined any amount of factors so that their subconscious desires are fulfilled, if you are observant you will notice that much of this people not even leaves the work place more nevertheless finds out everything that is acts with being able without realizing. That power is available at any moment but it has been time to install it in our mind, is not that I fodder today in a luxury house and tomorrow appear that house of luxury in my life, is necessary a constant work in which really it is desired, we imagine the case of a boy that observed the impuntual behavior of its parents, I never listen to say that punctuality was important, that if one were impuntual irrespetaba to the others and mainly to one same one, of they went there to the church, the cinema, the meetings, etc.
Observed the picture presented for Donaire, we can conclude that the prevention of the pollution combines two basic ambient concerns: sustainable use of the resources and control of the pollution. As it affirms Barbiere (2004, P. Check out Read more for additional information. 107), ' ' the prevention of the pollution requires changes in processes and products in order to reduce or to eliminate the rejeitos in the source, that is, before they are produced and launched to the environment ' '. 4 the LUMBER INDUSTRY IN RELATION TO the ECOEFICINCIA STANDARD the study of the ambient behavior of two companies of wooden improvement was carried through with the objective to establish a parallel with the model of echo efficiency, according to characteristic pointed by Donaire (1999) and Barbiere (2004). This comparative analysis had finally to offer to subsidies for a vision of the lumber industry in relation the ecological management with the insertion of the dependent 0 variable ' ' pessoas' '. This element as part of a model of ambient management takes for base the Consolidation of the Laws of the Work and the Statute of the City. The decision of if assuring the insertion of the laborer as part of the ecological management result of the fact of that if it cannot only speak in quality of life in the work considering what it says respect the materials, processes and ranks of work.
The quality of life of a diligent one passes not only for the rank of work, but also for the labor environment and motivacionais conditions that this offers to it. Everything this, ally to the conditions of familiar life. To benefit the wood, in the majority of the cases means to face aggressive agents as high temperatures, chemical noises, products, low levels of illumination, poeiras, among others, as well as the risks to the health that is associates estresse to it and, even so they do not cause ocupational diseases, they increase the psychological vulnerability and certainly they contribute for the weakness of the health of the workers.
In this mesmotrecho we observe the question of the woman in the workmanship. Here extermina mulheridealizada it. Another strong characteristic is the collective trace for the festeira vocation musicale of the people. Manuel Antonio de Almeida arrives to transcribe three trechosde at the time modinhas popular: one sung for Leonardo, during the debatizado party of the son; two others sung by Vidinha, in one of its patuscadascom the cousins and friends and more than a ticket, shows the destiny as tpicado Brazil dances. …
osconvidados of the owner of the house, that was all of beyond-sea, sang to the challenge, according to its customs; the guests of comadre, that they were all of the land, danced the destiny. (they idem, ibidem. P 13.). The workmanship still makes constants ainstrumentos aluses, dances and modinhas of the portraied time. One another marcante trace is aincluso of the reader, the constant reference of the narrator to the reader. ‘ ‘ Parasossegarmos the readers, who are without a doubt with care nomestre-of-ceremonies, we hurry ourselves to say it that it did not arrive to go to cadeia’ ‘.
(they idem, ibidem. P.70). This traorevela the interest to facilitate the reception of the workmanship, to establish one dilogoentre the reader and the narrator. This for signal, is onisciente and, although tecercomentrios how much to the situations, it does not intervene with history. importante also to stand out the presences of the popular layers in the workmanship, that is umtrao of the society of the time. This it proves, when we perceive that good part dospersonagens does not possess proper names, and are identified by the professions. As example we have Major Vidigal, the master-of-ceremonies, the obstetrician, Maria. For algumasdessas characteristic that Memories deum Sergeant of Military services if configures as precursory of the Realism, seen quereflete a supposed reality. However, they do not meet in the realistic obracaractersticas as psychological analysis, the search for the perfeioformal, the objetividade of the author, in leading then the possibility of descart-locomo a realistic workmanship.
The necessity to keep its origins sends to the formation and social transformation of the montesclarense population, that it searchs to preserve the past in the human being for the construction of the identity and the valuation of its origin. With passing of the time, the fair of Major Prates gained new adaptations, but without losing its meaning traditional. the souvenirs of the past are ressignificadas and transmitted in the gift, as it demonstrates Bosi: ' ' all man has a root for its participation in a collective that conserves livings creature some treasures of the past and certain hunches of the future. New times that preserve the alive one and the origin of the culture humana' ' (BOSI, 2003, p.23). If you are unsure how to proceed, check out NNDB. Thus, the individual memory is reconstructed in the space of the fair where each one loads its memories that makes broke of its history Mr. Joe Leytze brings even more insight to the discussion. Julio says: I worked per many years in the fair, but today I am a frequentador fidiciary office. I am all here the sundays to see my friends and relembra my time of feirante that for signal was not easy more left homesicknesses (interviewed Mr.
Julio). Through this story one notices, what I publish it moves it in the fair of Major Prates is not practises alone it of the commerce, but also the necessity of this in social conviviality in one determined place, where relights its souvenirs it leads and it to reviver through the individual memory, the past that when shared a memory exchange awakes the souvenir of the group in way to the colloquies having. The study of the social memory he is one of the basic ways to approach the problems of the time and history, relatively to which the memory is however in retraction, however in overflow. In the historical study of the historical memory it is necessary to give to a special importance ace differences between essentially verbal society of memory and society of memory (Le Goff, 1990, p.423).